First GI wine in Japan

Geographical indication “Yamanashi” for wine in Japan

                                                                     July 2013

                                                                     Teiji Takahashi

1.   First GI wine in Japan  -Designation of “Yamanashi” as GI -

On 16 July 2013, the Director-General of the Tax Agency of Japan announced the designation of geographical indication “Yamanashi” for wine, on the application from the Yamanashi Wine Cooperative. It is the first wine designated as Geographical indication under the legislation of GI system for alcohol beverage.

This designation of geographical indication implies that Government of Japan has decided to adopt the sui-generis system to protect geographical indications of wine.

 Then, labeling of the name of region “Yamanashi”, some methods of production such as “barrel fermentation”, “barrel maturation”, and some traditional terms are expected to be allowed to label on this GI wine (including Koshu wine) in the European market.

2.      The requirements of GI “Yamanashi”

(1) Region and grapes

a) Boundary of grape growing region:  Within the territory of Yamanashi prefecture

b) Grapes to be used: 100 % of wine shall be derived from grapes harvested within

 the boundary of Yamanashi prefecture

    c) Grape varieties to grow:

   Koshu

   Vinifera 

Others:  Muscat Bailey A, Black Queen, Bailey Alicant A, Kai Noir,

Kai Blanc, Saint Semillon, Delaware

(2) Wine

     a) Wine shall be fermented and bottled within the territory of Yamanashi prefecture.

   b) Alcohol content shall be no less than 8.5% for dry wine, and no less than 4.5%   for sweet wine.

   c) Wine treated by Chaptalization shall not contain alcohol more than 14.5 %

   d) Addition of alcohol shall be prohibited.

  e) Quality of wine shall be assured by sensory test conducted by the Yamanashi   Wine Cooperative.

(3) Others

   a) Sugar content of grape juice shall be no less than 14.0 degrees for Koshu, 

    18.0 degrees for vitis vinifera, and 16.0 degrees for other varieties.

   In case of unfavorable weather, reduction by 1 degree of the above limits shall be allowed.

   b) The voluntary standard of labeling shall be applied to labeling of name/s of grape variety. ( Ex, In case that 75 % and more of wine is derived from a variety of grape, the name of this grape could be stated.)

3  Sensory test

(1)       Objective

  The objective of the test is to maintain and improve the quality of GI wine, and to secure the confidence of consumers.

(2)      Operator

The technical department of the Yamanashi Wine Cooperative conducts the sensory test.

     The sensory test shall be performed by 5 or more inspectors designated by the department.

(3)       Application

     Producers who intend to state “Yamanashi” on their wine shall submit an application form verifying the compliance of requirements to the Yamanashi Wine Cooperative.(4)          Prior examination   

Prior to the sensory test, the director of the technical department and others shall examine and confirm the application, analytical data and others. With regard to analytical data, specific gravity, alcohol content, extracted component, total acid, volatile acid, total sulfurous acid are examined, in view of whether they are appropriate.

The sensory test shall be conducted for the wine of which the result of the prior examination has been acceptable.

4         Production of wine in Yamanashi prefecture

National production of wine derived from grapes grown in Japan

 

2005

06

07

08

09

2010

2011

 Production(KL)

27,766

29,161

28,862

30,397

25,278

18,708

18,206

Source: Yamanashi Wine Cooperative

Use of grapes grown in Yamanashi and production of wine

 

2005

06

07

08

09

2010

2011

Production(KL)

4,305

4,430

3,911

3,787

4,166

3,374

3,619

  Koshu(t)

2,902

3,157

2,648

2,465

2,616

2,068

2,404

  M,Bailey A(t)

1,133

1,188

1,227

1,364

1,482

1,063

1,233

  Others(t)

1,943

1,809

1,557

1,430,

1,698

1,555

1,389

 Source: Yamanashi Wine Cooperative

   Number of producers

     Licensed producers, members of Yamanashi Wine Cooperative:  67 ( 8 not operating)

     Licensed producers, non members:                          10

 Go to "Koshu wine and Koshu grape"
Go to "Vin de Koshu"

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